- Bachelor of Arts, University Michigan Ann Arbor, 1974
- Master of Arts, Princeton University, 1978
- Doctor of Philosophy, Princeton University, 1978
Professor of Politics and Comparative American Studies, received his A.B. from the University of Michigan and his M.A. and Ph.D. from Princeton University. His specialties are constitutional law and jurisprudence, gender and sexuality, and modern political theory. He has published several books and numerous articles on constitutional theory and practice, gay rights and politics, and the First Amendment. He teaches courses on constitutional law, gay and gender politics, and American political thought.