Department Chair:
Mike Loose

Administrative Assistant:
Kristi Gibson

Department Email:

Phone: (440) 775-8768
Fax: (440) 775-5397

Science Center A261
119 Woodland St.
Oberlin, OH, 44074

Office Hours: M, W, R 9:00am-1:45pm, T 9:00am-1:30pm

Faculty Research and Publications

Faculty Research and Publications

Samples of Recent Faculty and Student Publications, Research, and Presentations

Student authors represented by asterisk*


Bianchi, LM, *Dinsio, K, *Davoli, K and Gale, NW (2002). LacZ histochemistry and immunochemistry reveal ephrin-B ligand expression in the inner ear. J Histochem Cytochem. 50,1641-1645.

Bianchi, LM, *Daruwalla, Z, Roth, T.M., Attia, N., Lukacs, N.W. *Richards, A-L , Roth, TM, Lukacs, NW, *White, IO, Allen, SJ and Barald, KF (2005) Immortalized Mouse Inner Ear Cell Lines Reveal a Role for Chemokines in Promoting the Growth of Developing Statoacoustic Ganglion Neurons, JARO 6, 355-367.

Bianchi, L.M., *Huri, D., and *White, I.O. (2006) Embryonic inner ear cells use migratory mechanisms to establish cell patterns in vitro.  J Neuro Res 83:191-198 and Cover Illustration.

Bianchi, L.M. (2004) Embryonic Stem cells: What are they and why do scientists use them?  ARO Short Course Supplement, 3-7.

Bianchi, L.M. and Raz, Y. (2004)  Methods for Providing Therapeutic Agents to Treat Damaged Spiral Ganglion Neurons Current Drug Targets: CNS and Neurological Disorders. 3, 195-199.

Bianchi, LM; *Person, AL; *Penney, EB (2002).  Embryonic inner ear Cells reaggregate into specific patterns in vitro.  JARO, 3, 418-429.

Bianchi, L.M. and Fuchs, P.A. (2009) Development of the Inner Ear.  Oxford Handbook of Auditory Science.  P. A. Fuchs, Ed.  Oxford Press, in press.

Bianchi, L.M. (in press).  Resource Review.  Genetics, Embryology and Development of the Auditory and Vestibular System textbook by S. M. Jones and T. A. Jones.  Ear and Hearing.


Woodside, BL, Borroni, AM Hanndons, MD Teyler, TJ (2004) NMDA receptors and voltage-dependent calcium channels mediate different aspects of acquisition and retention of a spatial memory task. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 81:105-114


Braford, M.R., Jr. and L. Sintasath* 2006 Distribution of NADPH-diaphorase in the telencephalon of the bichir, Polypterus.  Soc. Neurosci. Abstr.  Program No.149.12. Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner./Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience.Online.

Braford, Jr. M, McCormick, CA, and Saidel, WM (2006) The lateral line system of Typhlonectes and other adult gymnophionan amphibians. Brain, Behav. Evol., In Press.

Braford, M. R., Jr. 1994  Introductory Remarks (Delivered at Conference on the Contributions of Electrosensory Systems to Neurobiology and Neuroethology) J. Comp. Physiol. A, 173: 703.  

Bruce. L. L. and M. R. Braford, Jr. 2008  "Evolution of the Limbic System", In:  The New Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, L. Squire, T. Albright, F. Bloom. F. Gage and N. Spitzer, eds., Elsevier, in press.

Getzin*, A., I. White*, M. Bartlett*, M. Braford, K. Wallen and J. E. Thornton  2006  Sexual dimorphism in the medial preoptic nucleus of the guinea pig brain is not due to prenatal estrogen.  Program No.152.11. Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner./ Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience.Online

McCormick, C. A. and M. R. Braford, Jr.  2008 "Evolution of the Auditory System in Anamniotes", In:  The Encyclopedic Reference of  Neuroscience, U. Windhorst, M. Binder, N. Hirokawa, and M    Hirsch, eds., Springer-Verlag, in press.


Hamilton, S.E., Loose, M.D., qi, M., Levey, A.I., Hille, B. McKnight, G.S., Idzerda, R.L., and Nathanson, N.M.  1997.  Disruption of the m1 receptor gene ablates muscarinic receptor-dependent M current regulation and seizure activity in mice.  Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 94:13311-13316.

Loose, M.D., Niu*, J.C., Nguyen*, T. and Thornton, J.T.  1995.  Estrogen modulation of two sub­populations of ß-endorphin neurons in ovariectomized guinea pigs distinguished by peripheral­ly injected fluorogold.  Endocrine, 3:827-831.

Loose, M.D., *Jakaitis, R., *Wheat, E., and Porterfield, A. Modifying the Probability of a Go Stimulus prior to each Stimulus Presentation Alters the N2 Component of Event-Related Potentials.  35th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, 877.1, 2005.

Pfaff, D., Kow, L, Loose, M.D., and Flanagan-Cato, L.  2008.  Reverse engineering the lordosis behavior circuit.  Hormones and Behavior, 54:347-354. 

Shapiro, M.S., Gomeza  J., Hamilton, S.E., Hille, B., Loose, M.D., Nathanson, N.M., Roche, J.P. and Wess, J.  2001.  Identification of subtypes of muscarinic receptors that regulate Ca2+ and K+ channel activity in sympathetic neurons.  Life Sciences, 68:2481-7.

Aronson S.*, Amlie-Wolf A.*, and Loose M.D. (2012) Making predictions in a stochastic environment: Strategies underlying the probability matching phenomenon and corresponding event related potentials.

Loose M.D., Aronson S.*, Scott H.*, Mehta T.*, Wang A.*, Amlie-Wolf A.*, and Welch K*.  Salience is not always salient: Neither magnitude nor valence of expected outcomes contributes to the N2/P3 event-related potential complex in a modified Go/NoGo task.


McCormick, C.A. 2001 Brainstem acoustic areas in the marine catfish, /Arius/ /felis/. Brain, Behav. Evol. 57: 134-149.

McCormick, C.A. 2002 Variations on a Vertebrate Theme: Central Anatomy of the Auditory System in Fish. Bioacoustics 12: 134-137.

McCormick, CA (2006) Central connections of anamniote auditory otolith endorgans. J. Acoust Soc. Amer., 119: 3432.

McCormick, C.A. and M.R. Braford Jr. Evolution of the auditory system in anamniotes. Springer Encyclopedic Reference of Neuroscience, eds. Windhorst U, Binder M, Hirokawa N.; Springer-Verlag, New York, in press**

O'Marra, S.K.* and C.A. McCormick 1999 Organization and connections of the dorsal descending nucleus and other presumed acoustic areas in the brainstem of the teleost fish, /Astronotus/ /ocellatus/. Hearing Research 129: 7-19.

Szabo, TM, C.A. McCormick, and D.S. Faber 2007 Otolith endorgan input to the Mauthner neuron in the goldfish. J. Comp. Neurol.,505: 511-525.

Wallace*, AC and McCormick CA 2005. Otolith endorgan input to auditory projection in neurons in the goldfish: A confocal microscopic analysis. Soc. for Neuroscience.

Wallace, A.C*. and C.A. McCormick  2005  Otolith endorgan input to auditory projection neurons in the goldfish: A confocal microscopic analysis.  Program No. 182.2. /2005  Abstract Viewer/Itinerary Planner./ Washington, DC: Society for Neuroscience. Online

Szabo, TM, C.A. McCormick, and D.S. Faber  2007  Otolith endorgan input to the Mauthner neuron in the goldfish.  J. Comp. Neurol.,505: 511-525.

McCormick C. and Wallace A.* (in press).  Otolih endorgan projections to auditory neurons in the descending octaval nucleus of the goldfish, Carassius auratus: A confocal analysis.  Brain Behavior and Evolution.

Willis K.L., McCormick C.A. and Carr C.E. (2011).  Anatomy of turtle middle ear cavities and hindbrain auditory circuits. Abstract, podium presentation at the J. B. Johnston Club, November 2011, in press, in Brain Behavior and Evolution.

Willis, K.L., McCormick C.A. and Carr C.E. (2011). The organization of the hindbrain auditory nuclei of turtles follows the archosaur pattern.  Abstract and poster presentation at the Society for Neuroscience, Washington D.C., November 2011.


Paine TA, Neve RL, Carlezon WA Jr. (2009). Attention deficits and hyperactivity following inhibition of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) within the medial prefrontal cortex of rats. Neuropsychopharmacology, 34, 2143-2155.

Paine TA, Carlezon WA Jr. (2009). Effects of antipsychotic drugs on MK-801-induced attentional deficits in rats. Neuropharmacology, 56, 788-797.

Paine TA, Tomasiewicz HC, Zhang K, Carlezon WA Jr. (2007). Sensitivity of the five-choice serial reaction time task to the effects of various psychotropic drugs in Sprague-Dawley rats. Biological Psychiatry, 62, 687-693.

Paine TA, Olmstead MC (2004). Cocaine disrupts both behavioural inhibition and conditional discrimination in Long-Evans rats. Psychopharmacology, 175, 443-450.

Paine TA, Dringenberg HC, Olmstead MC (2003). Effects of chronic cocaine on cognitive and motor impulsivity: Relation to cortical serotonin mechanisms. Behavioural Brain Research, 147, 135- 147.

Asinof S.K.* and Paine T.A. (2012). Decreased cortical GABA synthesis impairs attention and increases locomotor activity.  Abstract and poster presentation at the Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, October 2012.

Diehl, G.W.*, Leffler J.*, and Paine T.A. (2011). Effects of cocaine-associated cues on impulsivity. Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience poster session, Washington D.C., November 2011.

Diehl G.W.*, Paine T.A. (2012). Inactivation of the basolateral amygdala blocks the expression of cue-induced hyperactivity.  Abstract and poster presentation at the Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, October 2012.

Leffler, J.*, Diehl G.W.*, and Paine T.A. (2011). Effects of medial PFC lesions on choice behavior in a rodent gambling task.  Faculty for Undergraduate Neuroscience poster session, Washington, D.C., November 2011.

Wachtel J.M.* and Paine T.A. (2011). Ability of different conditioning procedures to cause cue-induced hyperactivity.  Abstract and poster presentation at the Society for Neuroscience, Washington, D.C., November 2011.


Alla, J.*, Kralik, K*., Romeo R, McEwen B, and Thornton, JE.(2006). Androgen modulation of spatial learning and memory in male rats. Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology.

Allen S*, Wheat E*, Ogren K*, Klein L*, Thornton J.E. (2007). Effects of testicular hormones on spatial memory in male rats. Abstract and Scientific Poster Presentation, Society for Neuroscience annual meeting, Nov 2007, San Diego CA.

Berry, A*, Tomidokoro, Y., Ghiso, J, and Thornton, J.E. (2008). Human chorionic gonadotropin (a Luteinizing Hormone homologue) decreases spatial memory and increases brain amyloid-ß levels in female rats. Hormones and Behavior, 54(1): 143-152.

Getzin Anne*, White Ian*, Bartlett Mitchell*, Braford Mark, Wallen Kim, and Thornton Jan (2006).  Sexual dimorphism in the medial preoptic nucleus of the guinea pig brain is not due to prenatal estrogen.  Scientific abstract and poster presentation at annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, Oct 2006, Atlanta GA.

Romeo, R.D., Staub, D*., Jasnow, A. M., Karatsoreos, I. N., Thornton, J. E., and McEwen, B. S. (2005). Dihydrotestosterone increases hippocampal N-methyl-D-Aspartate binding but does not affect choline acetyltransferase cell number in the forebrain or choline transporter levels in the CA1 region of adult male rats. Endocrinology, 146: 2091-2097.

Ziegler, S.G.* and Thornton, J.E. A Luteinizing Hormone anatagonist enhances spatial memory in ovariectomized female rats and in a rat model of Alzheimer's disease. Manuscript in preparation.

Ziegler SG * and Thornton JE (2008). Decreased Luteinizing Hormone enhances spatial memory in ovariectomized rats. Abstract and scientific poster that will be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for Behavioral Neuroendocrinology, University of Groningen, Netherlands, July 7-10, 2008.

Hardwick J., Kerchner M., and Thornton J.E. (in press). Designing an undergraduate neuroscience curriculum. Invited paper for the Journal of Undergraduate Neuroscience Education.

McConnell, S.E.*, Alla, J.*, Wheat, E.*, Romeo, R., McEwen B.S., and Thornton, J.E. (2012).  The role of testicular hormones and luteinizing hormone in spatial memory in adult male rats.  Hormones and Behavior 61: 479-486.

McGregor C.* and Thornton J.E. (2011). Estradiol ameliorates cognitive deficits in a rodent model of schizophrenia: role of NMDA and acetylcholine receptors.  Scientific abstract and poster presented at the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, November 2011, Washington D.C.

Roseman A.S.*, McGregor C.*, and Thorton J.E. (2012). Estradiol attenuates the cognitive deficits in the novel object recognition task induced by sub-chronic phencyclidine in ovariectomized rats. Behavioral Brain Research 233: 105-112.

Sundby C.*, Laman-Maharg A.*, Witcher K.*, Stewart B.* and Thornton J.E. (2012). Human Chorionic Gonadotropen (a Luteinizing Hormone homologue) acts at the dorsal hippocampus and prefrontal cortex to inhibit spatial memory in estrogen-treated female rates. Abstract and poster presentation at the Society for Neuroscience, New Orleans, October 2012.


Balci F., Freestone D., Simen P., deSouza L., Cohen J.D. and Holmes P. (2011). Optimal temporal risk assessment. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience 5 (56).

Balci F., Simen P., Niyogi R., Saxe A., Hughs J., Holmes P. and Cohen J.D. (2011).  Acquisition of decision making criteria: Reward rate ultimately beats accuracy. Attention, Perception & Psychophysics 73: 640-657.

McMillen T., Simen P. and Behseta S. (2011).  Hebbian learning in linear-nonlinear networks with tuning curves leads to near-optimal, multi-alternative decision making.  Neural Networks 24: 417-426.

Simen P. (2011). Preventing combinatorial explosion in a localist neural network architecture using temporal synchrony.  Connection Science 22: 131-144.

Simen P., Balci F., deSouza L., Holmes P., and Cohen J.D. (2011).  Interval timing by long-range temporal integration.  Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience 5 (28).

Simen P., Balci F., deSouza L., Holmes P., and Cohen J.D. (2011). A model of interval timing by neural integration.  Journal of Neuroscience 31 (25): 9238-9253.


* Indicates Oberlin College Student