- Bachelor of Music, Oberlin College, 1968
- Master of Music, University of Illinois Urbana, 1969
- Doctor of Musical Arts, University of Illinois Urbana, 1973
- Research in Nationalarchiv der Richard-Wagner-Stiftung, Bayreuth, 1986-87
Prizes and Awards:
Winner of the Society of Music Theory's Wallace Berry Award (1995) for Wagner's Das Rheingold (Oxford University Press, 1993) and (2008) for Elements of Sonata Theory: Norms, Types, and Deformations in the Late-Eighteenth-Century Sonata. (Oxford University Press, 2006).
Papers delivered; national meetings, Society for Music Theory (1982, 1984, 1988, and 1992), Wagner Centennial Conference (1983); national meetings, American Musicological Society (1985, 1987, and 1989), Seattle Opera symposium on Die Meistersinger (1989), International Bruckner Symposium (1994). Articles on Wagner published in various periodicals including the program book for the 1988 Bayreuth Festival, the Musical Times, Opera Quarterly, Integral, 19th Century Music, and Music Theory Spectrum. Current research (with James Hepokoski) on Sonata Theory.